Planted: 2006

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This tree is to the south of the Malus Avenue, near the west end.

Distribution:China, Japan.  Slopes and valley thickets of the Himalayan mountains.
Critically endangered in Taiwan. Extinct in the wild in Japan.
Planting Date:March 2006.   Supplied by James Coles & Sons (Nurseries), Thurnby, Leicester
Growth Habit:Small stiffish wide-spreading tree, with rounded dome. 12 m tall by 12 m wide
Bark:Immature – warm brown with lenticels.  Mature – shaggy vertical plates.
Leaf:Dark green, 10 cm long.  Entire elliptic ovate, slender and pointed with finely toothed edges.  Young shoots covered with whitish down.
Flowers:White from pink buds in clusters of 3 to 7 each on slender downy stalk 2.5cm long.
Fruit:Cherry-like red fruit 1 cm across
Potential tree size:12 m
Uses:The former name, Malus Theifera, refers to the use of the leaves by peasants in Central China, who prepared a beverage from them which they call “red tea”.  Used as rootstock for apples. Cultivated for its fruit. And is the starting point for producing many named hybrids by cross-pollination.
Plant Hunter:Ernest Wilson collected seed in 1908 from Yichang, western Hubei, China. Then sent to The Arnold Arboretum of Harvard University, Boston, United States.
Introduction Date: 1900.  Not named until 1915
Anecdotes and CommentsWilson considered it to be the finest deciduous flowering tree he had introduced.  Comes true from seed although  Triploid ( usually sterile) but able to produce seed apomictically (without fertilisation).
Heartwood reddish grey – sapwood light reddish.  When steamed, reddish brown to dark red brown. Wood is hard and has tendency to warp.  Difficult to split and work, easily stained and polished.